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Trafficking for forced labourPrint

The following elements characteristic of forced labour should be useful for the purposes of defining human trafficking for forced labour:

  • the use of unfair practices or coercion by the employer or the person recruited for the given position,
  • the use of physical or psychological violence,
  • deprivation of liberty, control of mobility,
  • work without remuneration,
  • work without an employment contract,
  • poor social and living conditions,
  • debt bondage,
  • work time significantly exceeding acceptable standards,
  • confiscation of documents (e.g. valid visa, identity card, etc.)

If someone arranged for a foreigner to work in Poland (even if it was an employment agency) but did not inform the migrant worker about the working conditions, or if these conditions proved different than those specified in the documents used by the foreigner (declaration of intention to entrust work to a foreigner, visa), which led to the exploitation of the foreigner for forced labour by their employer, it is assumed that the foreigner may have been a victim of human trafficking for forced labour.

What other circumstances may indicate that a person is a victim of trafficking? ->