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Purchase of property by an alienPrint

What is the legal status a foreign national must possess in order to buy property in Poland?

There is no legal status requirement a foreigner must meet in order to buy a “stand-alone residential premises”, or an apartment in Poland. This means that a foreigner who has a Polish visa, temporarz residence permit, permanent residence permit or residence permit for EU long-term residents does not need authorisation to buy an apartment. No permission is also required for a foreigner who does not reside in Poland, but still wants to buy an apartment on the Polish territory.

However, if a foreigner wants to purchase a house, he or she must obtain authorization of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Such official permission is not required for persons who have lived in Poland for at least five years from the issuance of the permit to settle or residence permit for EU long-term residents. An alien who is a spouse of a Polish citizen and has lived in Poland for at least 2 years after being issued a permit to settle or EU long-term resident permit, and who wants to purchase a house that will form a part of the community property of the spouses is also released from the obligation to obtain authorisation of the Minister of Internal Affairs.

Nevertheless, an authorisation by the Ministry of Internal Affairs is necessary for the purchase of real estate located in the border zone and for agricultural land with the surface area of ​​more than 1 ha.

Can a foreigner obtain the right to reside in Poland if he or she purchases property for a sum exceeding certain value?

In general, it is not possible. Foreigners may apply for a temporary residence card if they prove that there are other (than those specified in the Act) important circumstances justifying their application for a permit, and that these circumstances warrant the alien’s need to reside on the Polish territory for a period longer than 3 months. Accordingly, the application for a temporary permit can be explained by the fact that a person owns a property in Poland, lives in Poland and has tied their life with this country. Please note that the voivodship office can always demand presentation of additional documents proving the close ties with Poland. The final decision on permit issuance is made by the voivode, who assesses whether the ownership of real estate by a foreigner is a sufficient basis to grant him or her a residence permit.

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