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What is human trafficking?

Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of:

  • use of force or threat,
  • abduction,
  • fraud,
  • deception or  abuse of a mistake or of the inability to properly understand actions being taken,
  • the abuse of power, of a difficult situation or of a position of vulnerability,
  • the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to acquire the consent of a person having control over another person

for the purpose of their exploitation, even with their consent, in particular in prostitution, pornography or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or servitude or begging or other forms of exploitation in violation of human dignity (what other circumstances may indicate that a person is a victim of trafficking? ->) or for the purpose of obtaining cells, tissues or organs contrary to statutory provisions.

NOTE! If the activity of the perpetrator impacts a child (a person under 18 years of age) it constitutes human trafficking, even if the methods or means listed above have not been used.

Trafficking is a crime which is subject to the penalty of imprisonment for a period from 3 to 15 years. Also, preparing to commit the crime of human trafficking is subject to penalty.

NOTE! Victims of human trafficking are entitled to receive help, regardless of their citizenship and legal status.