Homepage Economic activity in Poland Conducting business activity in Poland by foreigners

Conducting business activity in Poland by foreignersPrint

Some foreigners may establish and conduct business activity based on the same principles as Polish citizens. This means that they may take up and conduct each form of business activity admissible under Polish law. (cf. Business activity in Poland – basic information ->). These are foreigners in Poland who have:
1) permanent residence permit;
2) a long-term EU resident permit;
3) a residence permit for a specified time granted to a foreigner’s family member to be united with the family – who is considered a family member?;
4) a Temporary residence permit granted on the basis of a long-term EU resident permit from another Member State than Poland provided that such a person justifies his residence in Poland;
5) a Temporary residence permit granted to a foreigner’s family member who holds a long-term EU resident permit granted by a Member State other than Poland and who justifies his residence in Poland provided that the family member resided with the foreigner on the territory of another state;
6) a Temporary residence permit in order to start or continue full-time tertiary studies or full-time doctoral studies in Poland;
7) a Temporary residence permit and are married to a Polish national residing in Poland (Polish nationals’ spouses are entitled to conduct business activity on grounds of the marriage provided that the basis for their stay is a residence permit obtained based on the marriage);
8) refugee status;
9) supplementary protection;
10) a tolerated residence permit;
11) temporary protection in Poland;
12) a valid Pole’s Card.

Other foreigners not listed above (for example, those who are staying in Poland on the basis of a visa or those who are staying abroad and their physical presence in Poland is not required to register business activity) may take up and conduct business activity exclusively in the form of:

  • limited partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here->
  • limited joint stock partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from conducting this form of business activity is available here->
  • limited liability company - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from conducting this form of business activity is available here->
  • joint stock company - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from conducting this form of business activity is available here->

Note: international agreements between individual states and Poland may provide for additional limitations or rights. Therefore it is advisable to ensure whether an international agreement is binding with respect to a given state. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs keeps an online database of treaties where such information may be checked here ->

For more information on the procedure of legalization of residence on the basis of conducting economic activity visit->

Note: A foreigner who wants to establish one of the aforementioned partnerships or companies does not have to legalize his stay in Poland and apply for a work permit in Poland. Such a foreigner is the owner of a company and does not have to physically reside in Poland – he can register a firm via the Internet, for example. The person who will actually conduct business activity in Poland is, for instance, a company director. In case the director is a foreigner, he has to apply for a permit to work in Poland and have grounds for residence in Poland.

Members of the family of foreign persons to whom international agreements apply and who can take up business activity in the form of a limited partnership, limited joint-stock partnership, limited liability company and joint stock company, holding a residence permit for an unspecified period, may undertake and conduct business based on the same principles as those foreigners.

Family members holding a temporary residence permit, granted in connection with the arrival or presence in Poland in order to reunite with the foreigners’ family (who hold a residence permit for a specified time and conduct business activity on the basis of an entry in the register of economic activity made on the reciprocity principle) may undertake and conduct business on the same principles as those foreigners.

Good to know: People who are interested in doing business in Poland can contact the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP), which provides training courses for entrepreneurs and organizes post-graduate studies.

 



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