Business activity registersPrint

Every entrepreneur, irrespective of legal form of the business, must register an enterprise in order to commence business activity. Depending on the form of the business activity, the enterprise must be registered in:

  • National Court Register (KRS),
  • Central Registration and Information on Business (CEIDG),
  •  Register of Foreign Entrepreneurs

National Court Register (KRS)

The National Court Register (KRS) is a centralized database comprising three separate registers:

  •  register of enrepreneurs;
  • register of associations, other social and professional organizations, foundations and public health care establishments;
  • register of insolvent debtors.

The National Court Register (KRS) provides information about the legal status of a registered entity (e.g. company/partnership), the most important elements of its financial situation and its representation.

An entry in KRS may be made via electronic access to Registry Courts (one does not need to go to the court to register a company). Submission may be made exclusively by a registered user on the website of the National Court Register. An application for an entry in the National Court Register is subject to a court fee in the amount of PLN 500.

The website of the National Court Register (KRS): http://bip.ms.gov.pl/pl/rejestry-i-ewidencje/okrajowy-rejestr-sadowy/

The following forms of business activity shall be registered in the National Court Register

  1. General partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here
  2. Limited partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here
  3. Limited joint stock partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here
  4. Professional partnership - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from conducting this form of business activity is available here
  5. Joint stock company - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from conducting this form of business activity is available here
  6. Limited liability company - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here
  7. Branch office - more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here

The National Court Register is publically available. For each entity entered in the National Court Register the courts maintain separate (paper) registration files that include, in particular, documents confirming the information entered in the register as well as specimen signatures of persons authorized to represent the entity. Each interested party may review without limitation the registration files of the entities entered in the register at the seat of the competent court, unless a legislative act stipulates otherwise.

Moreover, it is also possible via the website to search entities registered in the National Court Register (KRS). Entities are searched by name or KRS number, and basic data of the sought entity are available on the website.

Central Registration and Information on Business (CEIDG)

CEIDG is a list of entrepreneurs who are natural persons. The Central Registration provides free access to information about entrepreneurs. All activities related to entries in the CEIDG are free of charge. All cases of offers of paid entry into the register of companies should be approached with caution, because they are commercial offers. CEIDG allows to register business activity via the Internet (one does not have to personally go to the office to register a firm).

CEIDG website: https://prod.ceidg.gov.pl/ceidg.cms.engine/ (the website is available in Polish and English)

CEIDG operates a telephone helpline at 801 055 088 or 22 100 20 79 (the helpline is active from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.)

The following forms of business activity must be registered in CEIDG:

  1. Civil code partnership – more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here
  2. Sole tradership – more information on registration, conducting and obligations resulting from this form of business activity is available here

Register of Foreign Entrepreneur’s’ Representative Offices

Foreign entrepreneurs may set up their representative offices in Poland. Establishing this kind of business activity requires an entry in the register of representatives of foreign entrepreneurs maintained by the Minister of Economy.

An application for entry in the register of representatives of foreign entrepreneurs must be submitted personally or sent by post to:

Ministerstwo Gospodarki
Departament Handlu i Usług
Plac Trzech Krzyży 3/5, 00-507 Warszawa

The stamp duty on the entry of a representative office in the register of representative offices of foreign entrepreneurs amounts to PLN 1000. Payment shall be made in the administrative office of the City of Warsaw. For information on the bank account number to which the payment shall be made, please contact the administrative office.

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