Homepage Carriage of goods Importing goods from the European Union into Poland

Importing goods from the European Union into PolandPrint

Poland with other Member States of the European Union form the customs union, which means that:

  • no customs duties are applied at the internal borders between the European Union Member States;
  • there are common customs duties on imports from the outside of the EU;
  • there are the same common rules of origin for products form the outside of the EU;
  • there is a common definition of customs value.

The customs authorities in Poland and in EU Member States operate at the external borders in the following situations: fighting against smuggling, seizures of dangerous or counterfeit goods, saving animals using the beneficiaries of international protection, combating criminal networks; moreover, the customs officers collect the customs duties and taxes. 

Tobacco and excise products

The quantities standards for tobacco products and alcoholic beverages intended for personal use (not for commercial purposes) without any additional fees are as follows:

1. for tobacco products, the quantities must not exceed the following:

  • 800 cigarettes, 
  • 400 cigarillos ( cigars of a maximum weight of 3 grams each),
  • 200 cigars,
  • tobacco for smoking  - 1 kg;

2. for alcoholic beverages, the quantities must not exceed the following:

  • ethyl alcohol - 10 litres, 
  • wine and fermented beverages – 90 litres, including the maximum of 60 litres of sparkling wine,
  • beer- 110 litres, 
  • intermediate products - 20 litres. 

If the traveller transports larger quantities, he/she may be asked to prove that the products are intended for personal use and/or to provide the proof of purchase (a receipt or an invoice).

Note! The above restrictions are applicable in the case of the travellers over 17 years of age. Younger persons must not posses and transport alcohol and tobacco. 

Cash

The transport of cash and other financial assets in the amount not exceeding the value of EUR 10,000 between the EU Member States does not need to be declared. The cash and other financial assets include:

  • Polish currency,
  • foreign currency,
  • banknotes and coins withdrawn from circulation but convertible into legal tender,
  • securities  with the payment function, e.g. cheques, travellers’ cheques,
  • promissory notes,
  • foreign exchange gold and platinum.

Note! According to the foreign exchange law, the legal tender does not include the debit and credit cards and any of the funds collected in them.

It is possible to impose customs duties on cash and other financial assets amounting to EUR 10,000 and more. Travelling between the EU with the amount of EUR 10,000 or more must be declared to the customs authorities. The declaration forms are available here-> 

The cash declaration form for entering Poland is available here -> 

Important! Failure to fulfil the obligation of declaring the legal tenders, or providing false, inaccurate or incomplete information is liable to penalties under the penal fiscal proceeding.

Fuel

Each amount of the energy products with the excise duty paid in the territory of the EU Member States indicates the commercial nature of these products, if these products are transported in non-typical means of transport, such as:

  • in the container other than in fuel tanks of motor vehicles whose permanent fitting enables the fuel to be used directly for propulsion or in the containers containing the motor fuel intended to be used in the vehicles in the amount not exceeding 10 litres, 
  • transport of heating fuel in the  way other than by means of tankers used by the professional traders in the course of the business.  

Plants

The persons travelling between EU Member States may transport the plants or their parts. In majority of the countries, the restricted regulations on transporting endangered species of flora and products derived from them are applied. 

The transport of plants and animals for commercial purposes are subject to phytosanitary inspections and requires obtaining the specialised permits. 

Pet animals

Pet animals accompanying the travellers may be transported through the borders of the European Union. These animals include: dogs, cats, ferrets.

When carrying the animal through the borders of the EU Member States, the animal must:

  • have an electronic microchip,
  • have valid passport issued by a veterinarian (so called European pet passport),
  • be vaccinated against rabies (information on the vaccination against rabies is included in the pet passport, the first vaccination is valid after 21 days of its performance).

If the pet animal (dog, cat, and ferret) is younger than 3 months of age, and is not vaccinated against rabies, it is important to familiarise with the provisions of law in the transit and destination country. The regulations of the particular countries are available here-> 

Polish regulations, in English, are available here->  and  here-> 

Note! The European pet passport is issued only for dogs, cats, and ferrets.

The obligatory veterinary inspection in Poland may be conducted exclusively in designated border inspection posts ->, and is conducted in the following situations:

  • the traveller carries more than 5 pet animals,
  • pet animals travel without the presence of the owner,
  • pet animals are intended for the commercial purposes. 

Products of animal origin

There are no common restrictions regarding the transport of products of animal origin in the European Union. Such veterinary standards are applicable in the following countries:

  • Andorra,
  • Liechtenstein
  • Norway,
  • San Marino,
  • Switzerland.

Weapon

The transport of weapon and ammunition is restricted and it requires obtaining a special documents and permits, as well as must be declared to the customs authorities. The foreigners who are the residents of the European Union may import and export weapon and ammunitions on the basis of the European firearms pass that is issued by the Member State of the EU, if:

  • this firearm is registered in the European Firearms Pass,
  • the foreigner is able to give the reasons of his/her travelling with the weapon.
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