Homepage Carriage of goods Importing goods from outside the European Union into Poland

Importing goods from outside the European Union into PolandPrint

The relief for the customs duties is granted for the products imported by the travellers entering the European Union from a non-EU country carried in the personal baggage: by land transport (i.e. by train, by car, on foot) to the equivalent of EUR 300.00; by the air transport (by plane), and  by maritime transport (by ship) to the equivalent  of EUR 430.00.

The above values do not include the value of:

  1. medicinal products for the individual need of the traveller,
  2. personal baggage,
  3. fuel contained in the standard tanks of motor vehicles, and in the portable containers (up to 10 litres),
  4. tobacco and tobacco products and  alcoholic beverages imported in accordance with the following standards. 

Tobacco products

Tobacco products if they are imported by air and maritime transport by the traveller over 17 years of age:

  • 200 cigarettes, or
  • 100 cigarillos ( cigars of a maximum weight of 3 grams each), or
  • 50 cigars, or
  • tobacco for smoking– 250 grams.

Tobacco products, if they are imported in the transport other than by air or maritime by the traveller over 17 years of age:

  • 40 cigarettes, or
  • 20 cigarillos (cigars of a maximum weight of 3 grams each), or
  • 10 cigars, or
  •  tobacco for smoking – 50 grams.

The above reliefs may be applied in any combination of tobacco products, provided that the sum of the percentages used for the individual allowances does not exceed 100%.

Note! Persons under 17 years of age must not posses and carry the tobacco. 

Alcohols and alcoholic beverages

Alcoholic beverages, if imported by the traveller over 17 years of age:

  • distilled beverages and spirits of an alcoholic strength exceeding 22% volume; non-denatured ethyl alcohol of 80% volume and over (e.g. vodka) – 1 litre, or
  • distilled beverages  and spirits of an alcoholic strength not exceeding 22% volume (e.g. liqueurs) – 2 litres, and
  • still wines – 4 litres, and
  • 16 litres of beer.

The above reliefs may be applied in any combination of alcohol and alcoholic beverages, provided that the sum of the percentages used for the individual allowances does not exceed 100%.

Alcoholic beverages, if they are imported by the traveller over the age of 17 years who lives in the frontier zone or is an employee employed the the frontier zone, or is a member of the crew of the means of transport used to travel from a third country to the territory of Poland:

  • distilled beverages and spirits of an alcoholic strength exceeding 22% volume; non-denatured ethyl alcohol of 80% volume and over – 0.5 litre, or
  • distilled beverages  and spirits of an alcoholic strength not exceeding 22% volume – 0.5 litre, and
  • still wines – 0.5 litre, and
  • beer– 2 litres.

The above reliefs may be applied in any combination of alcohol and alcoholic beverages, provided that the sum of the percentages used for the individual allowances does not exceed 100%.

Note! Persons under 17 years of age must not posses and carry the alcohol. 

Weapons

The transport of weapons and ammunitions is restricted, requires obtaining additional documents entitling the traveller to hold the weapons, and must be declared to the customs authorities. Transport of such goods is possible on the basis of the firearms certificate granted by the Polish consul (it replaces the weapons licence within 30 days of the date of importing the weapons).

The following weapons may be imported and exported to or from Poland:

  • firearms used by hunters and a total of 100 munitions, if the firearms and munitions are intended only for the hunting events organised in accordance with the separate provisions of laws,  
  • firearms for sport shooting and ammunitions intended for these firearms in the quantities defined in the invitations of the sport event organiser, if the traveller’s arrival is to attend or prepare the sport event; invitations for such events must be confirmed by the regional Police Chief Officer,
  • signal firearms, if it constitutes the permanent equipping of vessels and planes.

Note: Possession of weapons, firearms and ammunition requires obtaining the permit. More information on firearms licence is available here->

The values of foreign exchange

Importation into or exportation form the country of foreign exchange gold and platinum, irrespective of the amount, as well as of domestic and foreign means of payment if their value exceeds the equivalent of EUR 10,000 must be declared, in writing, by the persons crossing the border to the customs authorities or to the Border Guards.  

Note! This regulation does not apply to residents crossing the border with the other countries of the Schengen area (which countries are part of the Schengen area?->).

Food

Products of animal origin, i.e. meat and dairy products, are subject to specific restrictions. Such food, basically, must not be imported. The travellers who import such food products must place them in special containers which are available at the border crossing posts. Meat and dairy products must be submitted to the full veterinary inspections at the border.

The following products may be imported from the outside of the EU (in restricted quantities and for own needs):

  • powdered infant milk in original unopened packaging – up to 2 kg,
  • food for children,
  • special food required for medical reasons,
  • fishery products (up to 20 kg or the weight of one fish), snails and honey;
  • products for animals feeding  in original unopened packaging – up to 2 kg.

Important! Products of animal origin (meat, milk and its derived products) that do not comply with the above requirements will be seized and destroyed at the time of the entering the territory of EU. Failure to declare such products may result in imposing costs and penalties, or criminal prosecution. 

Note! Food of non-animal origin if intended for personal use and in the quantities indicating the non-commercial nature of products -> is not subject to sanitary inspection. 

Medicinal products

Import of medicinal products is subject to some restrictions. It is permissible to import the five smallest packaging of medicinal products that are intended for the personal use of the traveller.

The higher quantities of medicinal products may be imported with the prior consent of the Minister of Health. 

Abusive substances

Import of abusive substances, psychotropic substances and drug precursors -> supplements into Poland is prohibited. The only exception is the carriage of such substances by the licensed entities under the appropriate permits.

It is permissible to import abusive substances and psychotropic substances only for own medical needs or when the traveller holds the certification containing the information on personal data, doctor data, drug and the data of the authority issuing and authenticating the certification (a prescription).  

Personal property (resettlement property)

Personal property means any property that has been in the possession of the traveller and has been used by him/her at his/her former normal place of residence for a minimum of six months before the date of departure and is intended to be used for the same purposes at his/her future normal place of residence in Poland.

Note! Personal property does not include goods intended to be consumed.

Personal property may be exempt from the customs duties, if it is declared for free circulation in the customs office in the territory of Poland. Under these regulations, only the Polish customs authorities may issue such a permit.

Obtaining such a permit requires also fulfilling many other requirements. Detailed information is available on the website of the Ministry of Finance ->  and here-> 

Plants

It is permitted to import into Poland the plants and its parts (with the conducting of the border phytosanitary inspections) in the following quantity:

  • fresh fruits up to 5 kg;
  • fresh vegetables (excluding potatoes) up to 5 kg;
  • cut ornamental plants up to 50 pieces;
  • cut Christmas tress – up to 1 piece;
  • parts of the conifers – up to 5 pieces.

Pet animals

Pets accompanying the travellers may be imported through the border of the European Union. These animals include: dogs, cats, ferrets. When carrying the animal through the border, this animal must have the identifier (electronic microchip or readable tattoo), be vaccinated against rabies, and have the document confirming the vaccination and its date (animal passport or veterinary certificate).

The traveller may import not more than 5 animals.

 

In case of pet import (depending on the country form which the pet is imported), the above requirements may be extended to:

  • the animal must have an electronic identifier,
  • the assessment of of the effectiveness of the vaccination,
  • quarantine.

The detailed information on the travelling with pets is available on the website of the Chief Veterinary Inspectorate

Important! When exporting the pets from Poland, it is necessary to familiarise with the requirements of countries of transit and the destination country. 

Endangered species of wild fauna and flora (according to CITES)

The transport of plants and animals being or originating from the list of endangered species (according to the CITES Washington Convention) from/into the countries of the European Union is permissible only on the basis of the prior issuance of the CITES permits  and documents.  

Note: The lack of required transport documents may result into criminal sanctions.

Such products include:

  • caviar;
  • leather and leather products made of wild cats, bears, wolves, snakes, crocodiles and dragons;
  • products made of the animals’ bones, horns, teeth (including ivory);
  • stuffed birds of prey;
  • natural medicines and medicinal products (ointments, lotions, etc.) containing the derivatives of bears, medical leeches and other animals;
  • water corals and mussels.

It is not required to have the transport documents when importing into the European Union countries the following products carried in the personal baggage:

  • caviar of sturgeon species (up to a maximum of 125 grams per person, in packaging that is individually marked by means of non-reusable labels);
  • dead worked crocodile specimen: bags, shoes, belts, etc. up to maximum of 4 pieces per person (excluding the specimen included the the Annex A to the Washington Convention and the meat and hunting trophies).  

More information on the restrictions and prohibitions regarding the import and/or export from/to European Union of the endangered species of wild fauna and flora (according to CITES) is available here-> 

Monuments

The person exporting the monuments from Poland must provide the permits for transporting such products or the documents confirming that the exported monuments does not require any additional permits for exporting.

It is not required to obtain the permit for the import of monuments. However, if such import is made from the countries outside of the European Union, it is required to notify the customs office in order to cover the transported monument with the procedure of admission to free circulation or any other customs procedure.

 

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